Degrees of Comparison (Tingkat Perbandingan)

Dalam bahasa Inggris ada tiga tingkat perbandingan:

1.Positive Comparison

2.Comparative Comparison

3.Superlative Comparison

1.Positive Comparison (Perbandingan Sama)

ADJECTIVE

Contoh:

- Lusi’s bag is as expensive as Dewi’s.

- I am as beautiful as Dian Sastro.

So the pattern is : as + Adj + as

2.Comparative Comparison (Perbandingan Lebih)

One Syllable Adjectives (Adj dengan satu suku kata)

Tambahkan ‘-er’ di akhir Adj (kata sifat)

(Catatan: Jika Adj diakhiri huruf ‘y’, maka hilangkan huruf ‘y’ tsb dan gantilah dengan ‘ier’)

Example: hot – hotter

- Yesterday was hotter than today.

- This book is cheaper than that book.

Two Syllable Adjectives Ending in ‘-y’ (Adj dengan dua suku kata yg diakhiri huruf ‘-y’)

Example: happy – happier / funny – funnier

Example : Sentences

- I am happier than you.

- That joke was funnier than his joke.

Two, Three or More Syllable Adjectives (Adj dengan dua suku kata atau lebih) tambahkan ‘more’ sebelum Adjective.

Example: interesting – more interesting / difficult – more difficult

- London is more expensive than Madrid.

- This test is more difficult than the last test.

3.Superlative Comparison (Perbandingan Paling)

Pola penyusunan Superlative:

Tambahkan ‘the’ sebelum Adjective dan tambahkan ‘- est’ diakhir Adjective.

One Syllable Adjectives (kata sifat dengan satu suku kata)

Example: cheap – the cheapest / hot – the hottest / high – the highest

- Today is the hottest day of the summer.

- This book is the cheapest I can find.

Two, Three or More Syllable Adjectives (kata sifat dengan dua suku kata atau lebih)

Tambahkan ‘the most’ sebelum Adjective.

Example: interesting – the most interesting / difficult – the most difficult

- London is the most expensive city in England.

- That is the most beautiful painting here.

Two Syllable Adjectives Ending in ‘-y’ place ‘the’ before the adjective and remove the ‘y’ from the adjective and add ‘iest’

(Dua suku kata yang diakhiri ‘-y’, tambahkan ‘the’ sebelum kata sifat tersebut dan ganti ‘y’ dengan ‘-iest’.)

Example: happy – the happiest / funny – the funniest

- New York is the noisiest city in the USA.

He is the most important person I know.

EXCEPTIONS (Pengecualian)

Positive Comparative Superlative

Good better the best

Example

- This book is better than that one.

- This is the best school in the city.

Positive Comparative Superlative

Bad worse the worst

Example

- His French is worse than mine.

- This is the worst day of my life.

COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE

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Satu Balasan ke Degrees of Comparison (Tingkat Perbandingan)

  1. lankneeds mengatakan:

    omg.. good work, man

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